-- ToshinoriMaeno 2018-10-18 08:36:21


competence vs. self perception of Competence

According to the researchers who did the above study, the less competent people do not know that they’re less competent because they’re not competent enough to know they’re less competent.

In other words, to know that you’re not competent enough you have to know that your present skill level is way below the level you can reach. But you can’t know that since you’re unaware of the levels you can actually reach. So you think your current level is the highest you can reach.

Kruger, J., & Dunning, D. (1999).

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10626367 (PDF 本文は有料)

Ehrlinger, J., Johnson, K., Banner, M., Dunning, D., & Kruger, J. (2008).

Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 105(1), 98-121.

in contrast to high performers, "poor performers do not learn from feedback suggesting a need to improve".[11]